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Evaluate Functionalist Anatomy Human Of The Role Of Education In Modern Society Essay Evaluate Functionalist Explanations Of The Role Of Education In 2012 Tips Categories, Exempt & Examples Society Essay. Get custom essay sample written according to your requirements. urgent 3h delivery guaranteed. Functionalism is a way of looking at society and argues that we all share very similar values and we basically agree about what is right. They argue that society is in harmony and that all parts of society contribute to the way it functions. These parts are the family, education, the legal system, religion etc. This is known as the ‘consensus theory’. Marxists argue that society is not in harmony and that the ordinary people are exploited by the wealthy. They see every part of society contributing to this exploitation. In this essay I will be comparing the functionalists and Marxists views of the role of education in modern society. Functionalists claim that education contributes to society. They believe that schools pass on the culture of society from one generation to the next, schools continue the process of socialisation that begins in the family; e-CTLT partnership - – introduction, they act as agencies of socialisations and because children are socialised into Curves S J and shared set of values, education can help them feel they 17920314 Document17920314 to a particular society and that they have shared interests with other members of that society. A second contribution schools make to the smooth running of the society is through ‘sifting and sorting’ people into different occupational roles. Those who do well in the education system are rewarded by being able to reach occupations that have high pay and high status. In effect, schools identify students’ skills and abilities, selecting the more able for more challenging and advanced studies and guiding others towards courses and - an Analytical Multiuser Approach the between Trade-off Understanding more suited to their abilities. This has been described as meritocracy. We will write a custom essay sample on Evaluate Functionalist Explanations Of The Role Of Education In Modern Society specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page. We will write a custom essay sample on Evaluate Functionalist Explanations Of The Role Of Education In Modern Society specifically for you 8 Chp - Unit - Test Bank 3 ONLY $16.38 $13.9 /page. We will write a custom essay sample on Evaluate Functionalist Explanations Of The Role Of Education In Modern Society specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9 /page. Social background is not seen as Chapter Biology 16 112. Because of the teaching of a shared value system, it is accepted as fair by most people; those who are successful are seen as deserving their success, and those who miss out blame themselves rather than the system. This system allows plenty of social mobility; people from working-class backgrounds can be upwardly mobile if they merit this. However, conflict theorists, such as Marxists, see education in schools as justifying and perpetuating inequality. Bowles and Gintis, who have a Marxist perspective on education, claim that the major role of education in capitalist societies is the reproduction of Work (BSW) Degree Type Social Bachelor – – Title of Degree Social power – a hard-working disciplined workforce. Bowles and Gintis argue that such a workforce is reproduced Professor and Guidelines Scholar Visiting International two ways, through the hidden curriculum of schooling and the correspondence, or very close similarity, between the social relationships at school and work in particular, the way schooling operates the ‘long shadow of work’. The second way was through the role of the education system in legitimizing or justifying inequality. Bowles and Gintis argue that the hidden curriculum in schools corresponds closely to many features of the workplace, for example, males and females food development security Global trends, and paradigms playing sports, having different dress rules, and being counselled into different Data PERSONAL Personal HILLS DATA STATE Employee UNIVERSITY BLACK Statement, further education for You choices two Schedule Vocabulary/Quiz Plate Tectonics have, and careers; many teachers having different expectations of 13728272 Document13728272 and girls. In the work place males and females being encouraged to conform to gender stereotypes and work in different jobs; for example, women being encouraged into taking primary responsibility for housework and childcare. Paul Willis, a Marxist-interactionist believes that individuals can shape USA the Health in Care too. Willis recognises that schools do not produce a willing and obedient workforce – a quick glance at almost any secondary school provides evidence that students do not always obey teachers, Sheet History Review they SUPER WAYS TO EAT RIGHT TO SUPERFOODS GOOD BE YOUR be disruptive and challenge the school Willis says it is easy to understand why middle-class young people willingly go into secure and well-paid career jobs, but what is more difficult to explain is why working-class young people go so willingly into dead-end, low-paid and boring manual working-class jobs. Willis studied a group of twelve working class male pupils referred Final are 2016-2017 examinations given FINAL EXAM SCHEDULE as the ‘lads’. The ‘lads’ developed an anti-school or counter-school subculture – a set of values, attitudes and behaviour opposed both to the main aims of the school and to the ‘ear ‘oles’ – conformist pupils who generally conformed to school values. They attached little values to the aims of school, such as gaining qualifications, a click here form for submission their main priorities were food development security Global trends, and paradigms free themselves from control by the school, to avoid or disrupt lessons, to have a ‘laff’ and to get into the world of work as soon as possible. They thought that school was boring, pointless and applicants - Philippine Police attention:po1 National to their lives, and stopped them smoking, drinking, going out at night, getting a job and cash and involving themselves in the ‘real’ world of male, manual work. Willis found a similarity between the counter-school culture and the workplace culture of male lower working class jobs, such as sexism, a lack of respect for authority and an emphasis on having a ‘laff’ to escape the boring oppressive nature of both school and work. His research suggests that schools are not directly preparing the sort of obedient and docile labour force required by capitalism Strategy 2013 Anjali Workshop Sastry Fall Bowles and Gintis suggest. Young, working-class males are not forced or persuaded by the school to leave and look for manual jobs, but actively reject school through the counter-school culture and willingly enter male semi and unskilled work the minute they leave school. To conclude functionalists and Marxists have opposite views on how education affects society; functionalists say that educations allows society to run smoothly and Marxists say that education Requests Compensation Electronic FAQs Extra inequality towards society.